In November 2020, the business climate indicator dropped by 4.1 percentage points … The land area of Bulgaria is 110,994[1] square kilometres (42,855 sq mi) (111,002[1] square kilometres (42,858 sq mi)), slightly larger than that of Iceland or the U.S. state of Tennessee. In 1998 the Government of Bulgaria approved the National Biological Diversity Conservation Strategy, which was inspired by the Pan European Strategy for Biological and Landscape Diversity. [77] There are an estimated 27,000 species of insects and other invertebrates. The river's highest water levels usually occur during the May floods; it is frozen over an average of 40 days per year. [42] The average temperature in the Danubian Plain is 11.4 Â°C, in the Upper Thracian Plain 13.9 Â°C, in the lower mountains 8.1 Â°C and in the higher mountains 2.4 Â°C. In the east… Near Balchik and Kavarna the limestone rocky coast is cut by wooded valleys. Kazanlak The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfb. The years 1994, 2000, 2002 and 2009 were among the warmest years on record in Bulgaria (2). Find out more about our data sources. [13] The border with Serbia runs from Kitka through the mountainous region Kraishte, including the Ruy Mountain, crosses the valley of the river Nishava, runs through the main watershed of the western Balkan Mountains and follows the river Timok for 15 km until its confluence with the Danube. Bulgaria has made numerous contributions to space exploration. In winter the Danubian Plain falls under the influence of the Eastern European anticyclone, which brings cold Arctic air masses. [56] More than 92% of them, or 4,5 billion tons,[56] is lignite, which is the lowest rank of coal due to its relatively low heat content but is widely used for electricity generation. The average annual temperature is 10.2 °C | 50.3 °F in Sofia. [60] It is estimated that the 14,220 m2 Khan Asparukh Block in the northern section of the Bulgarian EEZ has natural gas reserves of 100 billion m3. In fact, since 1997 all annual temperature anomalies are positive. [30] The altitude decreases from west to east. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. With an area of 1,186 km2 and an average altitude of 550 m, Sofia Valley is the largest of the nine and contains the nation's capital, Sofia. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Bulgaria&oldid=984349143#Climate, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, mountains and hills with lowlands in north and southeast, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 17:14. Weather in April » They are an important tourist asset. [41] The barrier effect of the Balkan Mountains is felt throughout the country: on the average, northern Bulgaria is about one degree cooler and receives about 192 mm more rain than lowlands of southern Bulgaria. [63] Bulgaria possesses important reserves of lead and zinc, of them 60% are situated in the southern reaches of the Rhodope Mountains along the border with Greece at Madan, Zlatograd, Madzharovo, Rudozem, Laki, etc. [23], The Transitional geomorphological region encompasses the territory between the Balkan Mountains and the Rilo-Rhodope Massif and has complex, mosaic relief composed mainly of medium-high and low mountains, valleys and plains. [16] The Mesozoic era (252 million to 66 million years ago) saw the beginning of the Alpine orogeny that has formed the mountain ranges of the Alpide belt, including the Balkan Mountains and Sredna Gora. Bulgaria has a mean annual temperature of 10.6°C (51.1°F). Mild with no dry season, hot summer. Climate in Bulgaria in september Climate in Sofia in september. The average annual temperature is 51 °F (10.5 °C), but this conceals a wide variation; temperatures as low as −37 °F … The avian fauna is represented by 426 species of birds, which is the second highest number in Europe. Even the driest month still has a lot of rainfall. [29], The Rilo-Rhodope geomorphological region covers the south-western regions of Bulgaria and includes the Rhodope Mountains, Rila, Pirin, Osogovo, Vlahina, Maleshevo, Ograzhden, Slavyanka and Belasitsa, as well as the valleys of the rivers Struma and Mesta. Weather & Climate. The country occupies the southernmost part of the continental climatic zone, with small areas in the south falling within the Mediterranean climatic zone. Of course, the water is still cool, but the temperatures reaches 24 °C (75 °F), and it may be appropriate for sunbathing. With 1.9in over 8 days, you risk getting wet slightly throughout your holidays. About 599 mm | 23.6 inch of precipitation falls annually. [57] The reserves of sub-bituminous coal are 300 million tons, situated mainly near Bobov Dol, Pernik and Burgas. [47] The limans and lagoons along the Black Sea coast include from north to south Lake Durankulak, Lake Shabla, Lake Varna, Lake Beloslav, Lake Pomorie, Lake Atanasovsko, Lake Burgas and Lake Mandrensko. [79] The national policy for governing and management of the protected areas is implemented by the Ministry of Environment and Water. Both Rila and Pirin have rocky peaks, stony slopes, extensive Alpine zone and hundreds glacial lakes. The snow cover lasts from 20–30 days in the lowlands to 9 months in the highest mountains. The barrier effect of the Balkan Mountains has some influence on the climate throughout the country: northern Bulgaria experiences lower temperatures and … The Rose Valley encompasses the valleys of Karlovo and Kazanlak and is renowned for its rose-growing industry, which has been thriving there for centuries, producing 85% of the world's rose oil. The most renown lakes include the Seven Rila Lakes, Popovo Lake, Banderishki Lakes, Vasilashki Lakes, Vlahini Lakes, etc. [11] The land frontier has three border crossings at Silistra, Kardam and Durankulak at the Black Sea. They are located in several zones: Balkan Mountains zone (Varshets, Shipkovo, Voneshta Voda), Srednogorie zone (Sofia, Ovcha kupel, Bankya, Pancharevo, Strelcha, Hisarya, Banya, Pavel Banya), Maritsa zone (Kostenets (town), Kostenets (village), Dolna Banya, Momin Prohod), Rilo-Rhodope zone (Devin, Velingrad, Banite, Beden, Mihalkovo, Sapareva Banya), Struma zone (Kyustendil, Sandanski, Ognyanovo, Marikostinovo, Dobrinishte). Due to its small area, the influence of the Black Sea only affects a 30–40 km long strip along the coastline, mainly in summer, when the daily breeze circulation is most pronounced. [44] The lowest mean precipitation is in the eastern part of Dobrudzha and the Burgas Plain (450 mm) and in the area between Plovdiv and Pazardzhik (500 mm); the highest rainfall falls in the mountains â€“ the Petrohan Pass in the western Balkan Mountains and Zlatograd in the Rhodope Mountains. [52][53] The Southern xerothermal zone encompasses Southern Bulgaria up to 700–800 m altitude and includes several specific soil types due to the more diverse topography and climate. [16], Belogradchik Rocks, western Balkan Mountains, Exogenous processes such as weathering, erosion and sedimentation have an important impact on modelling the land surface and creating rock formations. However, there is a huge basin of bituminous coal in Southern Dobruja with estimated reserves of over 1 billion tons but its large depth (1370–1950 m) is an obstacle for its commercial exploitation. [21], The predominant soil types are loess in the north, reaching a depth of up to 100 m at the banks of the Danube, and chernozem in the south. It is also crossed by a major gas pipeline transporting natural gas from Russia to Bulgaria. The best time of year to visit Belogradchik in Bulgaria Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: During the month of May and September you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). [6], Bulgaria has substantial land in agriculture and forest. The lowest temperature is measured in January and February, respectively. The annual average temperature depends on latitude and ranges from 8°C in the North and 11°C in the South, with temperatures of 2.6°C in the mountains and 12°C in the plains. Considering its relatively small size, Bulgaria has a great variety of topographical features. The other Bulgarian rivers flowing directly to the Aegean are the Struma and the Mesta. [57] Other lignite basins include Sofia valley (reserves of 870 million tons), Elhovo (656 million tons), Lom (277 million tons), Maritsa Zapad (170 million tons). [85], The snow cover in Pirin lasts for nearly 8 months, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDonchevKarakashev2004 (, Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests, "European Union Project CORINE, "CLC2006 technical guidelines, "Geographic Position and Borders of Bulgaria", "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution", "Bulgarians find oldest European town, a salt production center", "Characteristics of the flora and vegetation in Bulgaria", "Report on European Environment Agency about the Nature protection and biodiversity in Europe", "The future of Bulgaria's natural parks and their administrations", "Will Bulgaria have any biosphere reserves? 77 ] there what is the average temperature in bulgaria an estimated 27,000 species of birds, which the! 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Parks [ 80 ] and 54 Nature reserves bays and headlands development of temperatures 1999... 17 degrees centigrade ancient seas and lakes, Vlahini lakes, some land layers rose sank! Coal are 300 million tons of altitude – from 450–850 mm in the southern section has and...

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