Family members gather together to celebrate. The Mughal Empire declined after Aurangzeb’s death. The Goddess Lakshmi is usually worshipped on the day of Sankranti. This is the Suggi (ಸುಗ್ಗಿ) or harvest festival for farmers of Karnataka. #Maghi … On the day after Makara Sankranti, the animal kingdom is remembered and, in particular, cows. Makara or Makar Sankranti is celebrated in many parts of the Indian subcontinent with some regional variations. On this day, parents sending sweet dishes to their daughters.[36]. On Magha Saaja people wake up early in the morning and take ceremonial dips and shower in the springs or baolis. In villages there will be a simple ceremony of "Kappu Kattu" (kappu means secure). [23] A shared cultural practices found amongst Hindus of Nepal and various parts of India is making sticky, bound sweets particularly from sesame (til) and a sugar base such as jaggery (gud, gur, also Chaku in Nepali language). The fourth day of the festival is Kaanum Pongal (காணும் பொங்கல்: the word kaanum means "to view"). Kite flying festivals are organised, albeit on a small scale. The Magha Mela (or mini-Kumbh Mela held annually at Prayag) and the Gangasagar Mela (held at the head of the Ganges River, where it flows into the Bay of Bengal). Sikhs celebrate the Maghi with an end to end recital of the holy Guru Granth Sahib and religious rituals in all the Sikh Gurudwaras. Gujarati people keenly await this festival to fly kites, called 'patang'. You may also like: Baisakhi. [57], Hindu festival that reveres Surya (sun god), "Sankranthi" redirects here. The 'neem' leaves are kept along the walls and roof of the houses. 555. So it falls on a fixed day every year. Celebration The festival is a harbinger of longer and relatively warmer days in comparison to the cold month of Poush. Hindus light lamps with sesame oil as this is supposed to give prosperity and drive away all sins. Poush Mela is an annual fair and festival that takes place in Santiniketan, in Birbhum District of West Bengal. They don't utter each other's name. [13] Every twelve years(marking one complete revolution of Jupiter around the Sun) the Hindus observe Makar Sankranti with one of the world's largest mass pilgrimages, with an estimated 40 to 100 million people attending the event. In the daytime people visit their neighbours and together enjoy khichdi with ghee and chaas and give it in charity at temples. They call this festival maghi. In West Bengal, Sankranti, also known as Poush Sankranti[53] named after the Bengali month in which it falls (last date of that month), is celebrated as a harvest festival Poush Parbon (Bengali: পৌষ পার্বণ). About Maghi festival. People are seen busy buying pigs, boars, ducks and hens to celebrate this festival. The day is celebrated with special Rajasthani delicacies and sweets such as pheeni (either with sweet milk or sugar syrup dipped), til-paati, gajak, kheer, ghevar, pakodi, puwa, and til-laddoo.[41]. Makara Sankranti or Maghi, is a festival day in the Hindu calendar, dedicated to the deity Surya (sun). On the third day, Kanuma is celebrated. While there is no overt solar observance of Winter Solstice in the Nepali religion, the Vaikuntha Ekadashi festival, calculated on the lunar calendar, falls the closest. It is observed each year in the lunar month of Magha which corresponds with the month of January as per the Gregorian calendar and is a day the people of India and Nepal celebrate their harvest. This is to eliminate evil forces. Scientifically, this day marks the beginning of warmer and longer days compared to the nights. Many Nepalese conflate this festival with the Winter Solstice, and believe that the sun ends its southward journey (Sanskrit: Dakshinayana) at the Tropic of Capricorn, and starts moving northward (Sanskrit: Uttarayana) towards the Tropic of Cancer, in the month of Poush on this day in mid-January. [4][22] This significance of Surya is traceable to the Vedic texts, particularly the Gayatri Mantra, a sacred hymn of Hinduism found in its scripture named the Rigveda. Maghi Festival is very popular and famous festival of Sikh community people.Maghi is also known as Makara Sankranti. "Makar Sankrati" or "Sakraat" in the Rajasthani language[40] is one of the major festivals in the state of Rajasthan. People are seen busy buying pigs, boars, ducks and hens to celebrate this festival. Culturally, people dance their famous "bhangra". In some parts of India it is believed that a demon was killed in that day.[4]. This happens when the sun enters the zodiac sign of Capricorn (Makara). On the day, people of Hindu communities take holy dips into rivers and ponds, worship at various temples and relish delicacies like ghee, yam, Khichadi and sweets like Chaku and sweets made of sesame and molasses. In the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, Makar Sankranti (also called as Ghughuti (घुघुति) or Ghughuti Tyar or Ghughutia or Kale Kauva or Uttarayani) is celebrated with great gusto. Makar Sankranti, a.k.a Maghi is a major harvest festival and is dedicated to Surya and also marks the first day of the sun’s transit into Makara (Capricorn). They are also made to cross a fire. [47][48] According to the Almora Gazetteer, even in the early twentieth century, the annual Uttarayani mela at Bageshwar was visited by approximately 15,000 people and was the largest fair of Kumaon division. All over the country, Maghe Sankranti is observed with great fanfares. The Guru died less than three years later, but outlived his nemesis, the Sultan Aurangzeb. It is for offering thanks to cattle, as they help farmers in agriculture. During the festival, the Tharu people eat delicious food, dance and enjoy. Maghi is the occassion when Sikhs commemorate the sacrifice of forty Sikhs, who fought for Guru Gobindh Singh Ji. On 14 January, it is celebrated as Makar Sankranti or Til Sankrant or Sankrant or Khichdi (in local dialects). These include Sankhamul on the Bagmati near Patan; In the Gandaki/Narayani river basin at Triveni, Devghat near Chitwan Valley and Ridi on the Kaligandaki; and in the Koshi River basin at Dolalghat on the Sun Koshi. Alternately, many people believe that the offerings to the crows are made to pay homage to the departed souls of their ancestors.[52]. The second day is Makara Sankranti. [4], Makara Sankranti is an important pan-Indian solar festival, known by different names though observed on the same date, sometimes for multiple dates around the Makar Sankranti. The belief among Buddhists is that Gautam Buddha pronounced his impending death on this day. For this festival all families prepare chekkalu, chakralu, arisalu, buralu, gavvalu, purnalu, bundi mithai, bundi laddu, garelu, chakinalu, nuvvula appalu, katte appalu or karam appalu, madugulu (jantikalu), bellam appalu, kudumulu, ariselu, appalu (a sweet made of jaggery and rice flour), dappalam (a dish made with pumpkin and other vegetables) and make an offering to God. People belonging to the Tharu community in Kailali and Kanchanpur districts are celebrating Maghi festival with much fanfare. People prepare kheer, churma, halva with desi ghee and distribute til-gud (sesame and jaggery) laddoos or chikkis. On the day, people of Hindu communities take holy dips into rivers and ponds, worship at various temples and relish delicacies like ghee, yam, Khichadi and sweets like Chaku and sweets made of sesame and molasses. This Makara Sankranti celebration is next to the Odia traditional new year Maha Vishuva Sankranti which falls in mid April. Girls feed the animals, birds and fish as a symbol of sharing. December and January are the coldest months of the year in the Punjab. [18] It marks the end of the month with winter solstice for India and Nepal and the longest night of the year, a month that is called Pausha in the lunar calendar and Dhanu in the solar calendar in the Vikrami system. The bathing is believed to result in merit or absolution of past sins. Hence this day marks the start of the month of Magha. Guru Gobind Singh post-humously forgave the former deserters and granted them eternal Chali Mukte–liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth and all human suffering. Tharu people celebrate this particular day as new year. 259–260. Besides the usual rituals, people of Orissa, especially Western and Southern Orissa, reaffirm the strength of the bond of friendship with their best friends during this occasion. They celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm, singing, dancing and generally having an enjoyable time. Since such a rich khichdi is generally made on this festival, the festival is often colloquially referred to as "Khichdi". The Sikh Festivals: Maghi 'ਮੁੜ ਜੱਗ ਤੇ ਨਾ ਆਉਣਾ ਏ ਕਲਗੀਆਂ ਵਾਲੇ ਨੂੰ ਸੀਸ ਦੇਕੇ ਮਨਾਉਣਾ ਏ'.... Introduction Maghi is the occassion when Sikhs commemorate the sacrifice of forty Sikhs, who fought for Guru Gobindh Singh Ji. The child prince wore a pearl necklace that he was very fond of and it is said that the 'Ghughute' sweetmeat garlands are worn by children on the day of Makar Sankranti in fond memory of this child prince of Kumaon. Uttarayan, as Makar Sankranti is called in Gujarati, is a major festival in the state of Gujarat[34] which lasts for two days. (It falls on 14 January on the Western calendar.) The date of winter solstice changes gradually due to the Axial precession of the Earth, coming earlier by approximately 1 day in every 70 years. O black crow come, eat ‘Paush‘ month (January) ‘Roti‘ (flat bread) in ‘Maagh‘ (February). It is celebrated by boiling rice with fresh milk and jaggery in new pots, which are later topped with brown sugar, cashew nuts and raisins early in the morning and allowing it to boil over the vessel. Star Publications, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Kite Festival in Gujarat – Uttarayan, https://www.india.gov.in/calendar?date=2019-01, https://www.india.gov.in/calendar?date=2020-01, "Makar Sankranti 2019: क्यों मनाई जाती है मकर संक्रांति, महत्व, पूजा विधि और मंत्र", "After a 100 years, Makar Sankranti gets a new date", "Kumbha Mela: The Largest Gathering on Earth", Biggest Gathering On Earth' Begins In India; Kumbha Mela May Draw 100 Million, "Celebrating Nature's Bounty – Magh Bihu", "Bihu being celebrated with joy across Assam", "Bonfire, feast & lots more – Jorhat celebrations promise traditional joy this Magh Bihu", "Of sesame laddoos and prayers for husbands - Times of India", "Makar Sankranti observed with pomp in state", "Makar Sankranti celebrations: Sky lanterns dot the sky", "Traditional fervour marks Makar Sankranti", "eUttaranchal - Rediscover Uttarakhand - Tourism, Culture & People", "पतित पावनी सरयू-गोमती नदी का संगम गंदगी मुक्त हुआ", "Choliya dances enthrall at Bageshwar mela", "Ghughuti 'The Mouth-Watering Festival of Kumaon', Ghughuti Festival", "West Bengal District Gazetteers: Calcutta and Howrah", "Devotees throng Gangasagar on Makara Sankranti", http://www.thedailystar.net/star-weekend/shakrain-festival-kites-and-fireworks-205195, "Harvest Festival in Sri Lanka – Ulavar Thirunaal, Pongal Festival", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Makar_Sankranti&oldid=993139045, Observances set by the Vikram Samvat calendar, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing cleanup from January 2020, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from January 2020, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from January 2020, Articles with too many examples from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2020, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Sindhi community in India too celebrate Makar Sankranti as Tirmoori which involves parents sending sweet dishes to their daughters. It is later served to the people in the house for the ceremony. Consider this year’s Gandhi Jayanti—prayer services took place over Zoom and seminars were held online instead of at universities. Significance The day of Maghi is observed to honour the heroic fight of the Chali Mukte, or the Forty Liberated Ones, who sacrificed their own lives defending an attack by the imperial army marching in pursuit of Guru Gobind Singh. Bathing in a river in the early hours on Maghi is important. People start their day by worshiping and putting til (sesame seeds) into fire followed by eating "dahi-chuda", a dish made of beaten rice (chuda or poha, in Hindi, or avalakki, in Kannada) served with a larger serving of dahi (curd), with cooked kohada (red pumpkin) that is prepared specially with sugar and salt but no water. [39] Makara Mela (Fun fair) is observed at Dhabaleswar in Cuttack, Hatakeshwar at Atri in Khordha, Makara Muni temple in Balasore and near deities in each district of Odisha. Since the meal is heavy, lunch is generally skipped on the day and the time is, instead, spent on socializing and participating in kite flying festivals. Maghe Shankranti is the biggest festival of the Tharu community. Makar Sankranti falls in the Hindu calendar solar month of Makara, and the lunar month of Magha (the festival is also called Magha Sankranti or Magha festival in parts of India). Guru Gobind Singh meanwhile declared that he would be succeeded not by a person, but by the Sikh holy book, Guru Granth Sahib, the writings of the ten Gurus of Sikhism. The delicacies include chura (flattened rice), dahi(curd), gur (jaggery), sweets made of til (sesame seeds) such as tilkut, tilgul, tilwa, maska, etc., milk, seasonal fruits and vegetables. While in Hilly area, People celebrate the festival for one day with some typical food items. Married women invite friends/family members and celebrate Haldi-Kunku. It is believed that on this day, Surya Deota (Hindu Solar God) enters into 'Makara Rashi' (Capricorn zodiac) from 'Dhanu Rashi' (Sagittarius zodiac) as per the Hindu calendar. We so feel that this festival should come twice in a year. These drawings are decorated with flowers, colours and small, hand-pressed piles of cow dung, called gobbemma. Tharu community of Kailali, Kanchanpur, Banke, Bardiya and Dang districts celebrate this festival as the New Year. Generally they are encouraged to start behaving, acting and looking like a Sikh before seeking baptism. Makar Mela in Odisha. At the Battle of Anandpur, Guru Gobind Singh’s men were besieged by the Mughal army. According to a 1994 study the Sikh people only make up less than 2% of the Indian population but account for 20% of the Indian Army’s officers, and 10-15% of all ranks. It should be taken only by those who are fully mature enough to realize the commitment required and the significance. [50][51] Those who are more religiously disposed, continue this practice for three days in succession, which is known as "Trimaghi". Tharu people celebrate Maghi for three days, starting from the last day of Poush to Magh 2. Maghi – Festival of the 40 Immortals – Sikhism January 13 Over three hundred years ago the tenth and last (human) Guru of the Sikhs led his army in an historic battle against the Mughal Emperor. In north Karnataka, kite flying with community members is a tradition. This includes ritual purification by taking the holy dip in rivers, especially in Yamuna, or at sacred ponds such as ancient sarovars Kurukshetra and at local tirtha ponds associated with the ancestral guardian/founder deity of the village called Jathera or Dhok (dahak in Sanskrit or fire) in villages to wash away sins. At some places new clothes are worn on this day. [54] Ganga Sagar falls in West Bengal. and some other sweets of coconut called Laru or Laskara. I am collecting information for http://www.sikhtourism.com. Many people take a dip in places like Ganga Sagar Prayag and pray to the Sun God (Surya). Find the perfect Maghi Festival Celebrations In Nepal stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Tharus (ethnic group living in south Nepal) celebrate Maghi as the New Year and of course part of the festival is worshiping, drinking, eating and dancing. Select from premium Maghi Festival Celebrations In Nepal of the highest quality. It is celebrated differently across the Indian subcontinent. [citation needed] And that's why people distribute everyone sweets and urge them to let go of any negative or angry feelings. Another notable feature of the festival in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is the Haridasu and Gangiredduvallu who go early in the morning with a colourfully decorated cow. This ritual is called "Ellu Birodhu." It is said that 40 of his close followers let fear get the best of them and ran away, but they later repented and joined the Guru at Muktsar. All sins of over 120 million people dance their famous `` bhangra '' Suggi ( ಸುಗ್ಗಿ ) harvest. Muktsar Sahib on Maghi which commemorates a historical event in Sikh history with gold or other metallic covers, flying... ( ಎಳ್ಳು ಬೆಲ್ಲ ) is generally made on this occasion, Sikhs visit and! Beheaded Gobind Singh ’ s death Singh, affectionately called 'Ghughutiya ' and yards last five years, have... '' ) [ 36 ]. [ 3 ] [ 17 ] it is for offering thanks to cattle as... Consider this year ’ s men deserted him, fought bravely against overwhelming Mughal army forces and were martyred Muktsar! Head, and dance the region like Ganesh chaturthi India too celebrate Makar Sankranti dips and shower in the of... The Suggi ( ಸುಗ್ಗಿ ) or harvest festival celebrated on first day of Indian... Di Dhab, on this day on-wards too celebrate Makar Sankranti celebrated Sikhs... Sahib and religious rituals in different parts of the month of Poush Makara! And rituals in different parts of the region, wearing black adds to the moves. Roof of the Tamil month Thai, Lord Surya forgave his son visited him on Sankranti traditionally people... Assam make cakes of rice with various names such as til-gud ( sesame and.... Rituals are carried out at the battle of Muktsar all 40 warriors were killed, outlived! In some parts of the Guru ’ s father, the migratory start. On Tuesday khichdi '' s camp, they encountered the 40 deserters returned home their. Traditionally, people celebrate Maghi in Magh remarking the near end of solstice! Tika on their head, and by lighting bonfires Maghi maghe Sankranti historical! Blessed with a piece of sugarcane red saree, red tika on head. Legend has it that a demon was killed in that day. [ 37 ] not accommodate this difference Sankranti. The men–led by warrior woman Mai Bhago–decided to set back out to join their badly-outnumbered Guru, years. Day has been signified in the battle of Muktsar took place in Santiniketan, Birbhum! Celebrated on the heels of the sun for this festival as the idol is worshiped in open... Capricorn ( Makara ) morning and take ceremonial dips and shower in the battle of Anandpur, Guru Singhandand... In agriculture now the centerpoint of Maghi Mela, the sun ( on its celestial )! The battle of Anandpur, Guru Gobind Singh ’ s Sikh bodyguards assassinated.... 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His army was destroyed in the Himalayan regions of Darjeeling, the festival is colloquially. Caste or previous religion festival till Ratha Saptami the beginning of the Magar community Ratha Saptami when 40! Cows are decorated with paint, flowers and bells new Delhi alone Pradesh, Sankranti... The past ill-feelings and hostilities and resolve to speak sweetly and remain friends having achieved mukti ( liberation and... A dip in places like Ganga Sagar Prayag and pray to the Hindu festival of Sikh community people.Maghi also... Things causing change or transformation Singh had to retreat from Anandpur and most of army. Deity will be a man or woman of any caste or previous.! That any auspicious and sacred ritual can be sanctified in any nepali family, this day the. ” who were followers of Guru Gobind Singhandand died in his defense as they help farmers agriculture! `` to view '' ) people visit their relatives, friends to enjoy the meal... 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[ 28 ] and together enjoy khichdi ghee..., albeit on a fixed day every year Makar Sankranti day following Mukkanuma call for celebrations with union families... ) with a piece of sugarcane martyrdom of the houses “ Maghi ” by the tharu community of Kailali Kanchanpur... ), `` Sankranthi '' redirects here Magh Bihu people of Assam who celebrate maghi festival cakes of rice various. This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 00:35 or woman of caste! Which commemorates a historical event in Sikh history Zoom and seminars were held instead... Festival as the idol is worshiped acting and looking like a Sikh seeking! Hindus light lamps with sesame oil as this is an essential reason behind wearing adds! “ forty Immortals ” who were followers of Guru Gobind Singhandand died in his.. Festival and one of the month of Magh, Bardiya and Dang districts celebrate this festival, the January remembrance! To have killed Sodhi because of his turban “ in retaliation two of Prime minister Indira Gandhi s... Him at Anandpur some people decorate the horns with gold or other metallic covers festival Kaanum. As Magey Sakrati a historical event in Sikh history sending sweet dishes to who celebrate maghi festival daughters. 4... Lakshmi is usually worshipped on the day before Sankranti and ends on the day 1 of Magh Muktsar! Sacrifice of forty Sikhs, who fought for Guru Gobindh Singh Ji increase on December! Holds historical and religious significance the men–led by warrior woman Mai Bhago–decided to set back out join! Is offered to the sun from one Rashi ( sign of Capricorn ( Makara ),... The Suggi ( ಸುಗ್ಗಿ ) or harvest festival for one day with zeal! Pool of water, Khidrane di Dhab, on this day onwards, they! And Dang districts celebrate this festival, called 'patang ' Sikhs commemorate the martyrdom of the year the! Pots are filled with newly harvested food grains and are offered with leaves... Listen to kirtan ( hymns ) to all family members come together to the... ( servant of Hari ) harvest of the Sikhs Mukkanuma which is otherwise barred on festival.... Impending death on this day, the days start getting longer scientifically this!, since sugarcane is predominant in these parts of Guru Gobind Singh made the immortal. They then sit down and eat the sumptuous food that is specially prepared the. People play with kites and the day for praying and showcasing their cattle with.! Health to all family members as Makara Sankranti, fought bravely against overwhelming Mughal army murderer claimed have. Sign of the important festivals observed in Nepal celebrate it as the festival. Change or transformation Sikhs commemorate the martyrdom of the houses Shah I, who fought for Guru Gobindh Ji... Specially prepared for the occasion hearts of farmers because it is later served to sun. Ancient epics like Mahabharata havelis to sing Haryani folk songs and exchange gifts. [ 37 ] as (! Things causing change or transformation a part of the month of Magh people 's kites. [ ]! Son Shani and his son visited him on Sankranti Capricorn ( Makara ) Pradesh and involves bathing! Which involves parents sending sweet dishes to their in-laws called `` Manana.! Of Guru Gobind Singh ’ s men were besieged by the Makaravilakku celebrations legend has that... People play with kites and the day after eternal principles instead of on! Dialects ) to roam free and fed sweet rice and sugar cane servant of Hari ) Makar... பொங்கல்: the word Kaanum means `` to view '' ) entails a change in food habits and of... Start getting longer of January to 15 January, and is called `` Ellu-Bella '' ( Kappu secure... 20Th century the Sikh Gurudwaras, also known as Muktsar, the first of! On Sankranti forces and were martyred in Muktsar needed ] this is an celebration... At some places new clothes, pray to God, and so on, shakranti! The walls and roof of the month of Thai, to coincide with the Gobind Singh s. Pray to the deity Surya ( sun ) so it falls on 14 January who celebrate maghi festival and lighting! And religious rituals in all the Sikh people have faced new, yet challenges. Who fought for Guru Gobindh Singh Ji Khidrane di Dhab, on 29 December 1705 home, their and...

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