Sericea means covered with fine, silky hairs, which are found on the undersides of the leaves, especially on the veins; or on the young branches. I get better density per diameter and more consistancy in spine per diameter with the silky dogwood from what I gather here in central lower Michigan. As the tree/shrub ages, the bark turns brown and develops shallow fissures. They can be fuzzy like Silky Dogwood. Proper spacing is imperative to the health of your plant and its root system. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. Fruit/Seed. http://michiganflora.net/genus.aspx?id=Cornus, http://www.herbarium.unc.edu/FloraArchives/WeakleyFlora_2015-05-29.pdfI believe this is the key that "Anonymous" was referring to. i like red osier. When mass planting be sure to space your Red Rover Silky Dogwood at minimum 60” inches. In the home landscape, silky dogwood bushes work well in moist, naturalized areas and do a good job at stabilizing the soil in erosion-prone sites. The inner bark in long strips are good for tying the bundles up.. I think using a variety of sources is best for identification of any "mystery" plant species and will add this one to my reference list. This species will reach heights of 20 to 30 feet with a mature diameter of one to … Red-osier Dogwood has also been used somewhat frequently in landscape plantings, most notably with various cultivars like "Baileyi", which has curly hairs instead of straight. I can't remember if I have any ninebark in my collection of arrow woods but am looking for more for a book project on arrow woods. symbol: COAM2 Leaf: Opposite, simple, oval, 2 to 4 inches long, arcuately veined, margin entire, green above and maybe silky grayish when young, paler below. Cornus means horn or antler, or the ornamental knobs at the end of the cylinder on which ancient manuscripts were rolledwhich may refer to the hard wood or the knobby-looking inflorescence of some dogwoods. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, white, in flat-topped clusters, 2 inches in diameter that appear in late spring and early summer. Silky dogwood is a large shrub, often 6-10 feet in height. The flowers are produced in cymes.The fruit is a small blue drupe. Check a modern key eg in Weakley 2015 at UNC, I can't find the key that you refer to - a link would be helpful. I got Half peeled with a potato peeler and the other half Drying with the bark on tied in  bundles of four. However, Michigan Flora also uses pith color to determine between Red-osier and Silky dogwoods. By now you know that red twig dogwoods are not to be confused with the larger flowering dogwood trees. There are many species of dogwood, two of which are Red-osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea) and Silky Dogwood (Cornus amomum). Silky Dogwood - note brown pith in twig. The clean green foliage contrasts nicely with white flowers in summer, and autumn brings deep purple foliage which gradually changes to luminous red. It is often used to stabilize streambanks and revegetate wetlands because it readily suckers to form dense thickets. Leaf. Silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is a medium-sized, native in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), and its blue berries are savored by many songbirds.More than 45 types of songbirds and game birds have been documented consuming the fatty berries in the fall. Isabella Conservation District Environmental Education Program, 2019 Isabella Conservation District Spring Tree Orders, Native Species Profile - Large-flowered Bellwort. Silky Dogwood is the least common of Minnesota's native dogwoods and is only occasional in open wetlands and forest fringes in (roughly) the southeast quarter of the state. Where present, it is likely growing in fairly close association with the somewhat similar Red-osier Dogwood ( Cornus sericea ), which is just about everywhere. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. I find the red osier in Colorado is easier to straighten but less dense than the stiff dogwood in Kansas, Missouri,  Oklahoma and Texas. Share this: Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window) saving those 2 fore specimens. Young dogwoods have bright red stems in the fall, winter and early spring, which turn reddish-brown in the summer. The stem of Silky Dogwood has these markings on it, which are absent from Red Osier Dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera ) bark. you have a nice bunch of dogwood there. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea L. ssp. I was bit apprehensive about what size to send for your bow weight so I guessed as good as I could on fresh shafts. Join the campaign to reach 1 million food and habitat sites for pollinators. The pith of Silky Dogwood distinguishes it from the similar Red Osier Dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera ) , … I was trying to jog my memory from the time I had spring flora and plant systematics classes with Dr. Ron Kapp at Alma College in mid-80's, and the description of your exercise reminded me that the brown pith is the quick diagnostic for silky dogwood. This website uses cookies for functionality, analytics and advertising purposes as described in our. The silky is also less prone to have branches in the first 30 inches in the areas I collect. Maybe... A tale of two flowers - one native, one alien. Red-osier Dogwood end bud. It performs best in soils that are moist, somewhat poorly drained, moderately acidic to neutral, and in areas that have medium to coarse soils. Weaving, baskets, thread, braided straps, lances, arrow shafts, etc. a tropical plant of the pea family, which was formerly widely cultivated as a source of dark blue dye. Red Osier has white pith and silky … It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. Some of the most prolific flowering shrubs in the Northeast are dogwoods. Dark green, ovate leaves with a smooth margin and an acute apex. Silky Dogwood (Cornus amomum) also has red twigs but is distinguished by the denser pattern of lenticels, more densely hairy twigs, brown pith in older branches, and blue fruit. Does a wild bear leave scat in the woods? Dogwood, White 1-0 (Cornus florida) Zone 5-9 Full sun to shade tolerant White dogwood is a small tree with a short trunk that branches low, producing a slightly rounded to flat-topped crown. I would not trust pith color alone. Blue fall fruit adds to its appeal. Cornus sericea, syn. I do not actually spine mine on a machine. I have had good luck here in the piedmont region of NC with crepe myrtle and plum (the latter as foreshafts on bamboo arrows). Both Silky Dogwood and Red Osier can have 4 to six paired veins on each leaf. They will break away from woods warping though I think , thank you. The pith is brown on current years growth which is a distinguishing factor from red osier dogwood (having a white twig pith). Description. Lateral buds A closer look at a lateral bud and leaf scar The pith of Red-osier Dogwood is white, unlike the tan pith of Silky Dogwood Red-osier bark. I would say you have a mix of red osier and silky dogwood in that pic. Native Species Profile - Dutchman's Breeches. Does the silky dogwood have a weak outer bark that shreds off like silk? Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. Now that I live in west virginia I have found some deeper in the woods next to streams of water. As the shrub matures, the stems turn It has raised lumps near the base that persist as it ages, unlike Silky which becomes striped. Red-Osier (not shown) has white pith. Read on for additional silky dogwood information. Growing Red Willow (but not a true willow) Bark Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. Interesting Fact(s) - The Red Rover dogwood often bloom again in the fall, although the main bloom time is … Anyone can help. Silky Dogwood or Red-Osier Dogwood Edible Plants. This behavior creates thickets. Where in the U.S. is ninebark found? You can make a red dye from the bark. In the spring, their flowers attract attention and at this time of year their colorful fruit stands out. This space for rent....cheap rates....weekly, monthly, yearly. I get better density per diameter and more consistancy in spine per diameter with the silky dogwood from what I gather here in central lower Michigan. sericea) is our most widespread native species, occurring over most of the continent except for the southern Great Plains and the southeast. hell i have a hundred shoots of some unidentified bush that makes excellent arrows. Twig and leaf undersides have silky hairs, hence the common name 'silky'. Red osier dogwood is found in the northeast and in the western US from Arizona, where it’s found sporadically in higher mountain areas, as a kind of high forest woodland plant, more due to the predominant dry nature of the ecoystem, rather a quality of the plant. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. It will grow in hardiness zoned of between 4 to 8 and will survive in wetter areas where most other shrubs would not survive. Cornus amomum usually blooms between May and June, producing four-petalled showy yellowish white flowers. Also known a swamp dogwood, silky dogwood is a mid-size shrub that grows wild along streams, ponds and other wetlands across much of the eastern half of the United States. Stolonifera means bearing stolons (running stems), due to this shrubs habit of spreading by t… Can’t wait to find out! It's not the strongest but still holds together in a bundle. Its Interesting Straightening them while they are drying. The red twig and red osier varieties are Cornus sericea. Silky dogwood is a large to medium-sized native shrub with creamy white spring flowers, dark green foliage, and reddish stems and burgundy fall color. are silky. I had based my initial identification on twig color. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Aquatic macroinvertebrate sampling with students f... Love is in the Air... umm... Pond. Similar dogwood shrubs include red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea), which provide brilliant fall and winter color to landscapes as well as gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) which sports white fruit. I just flex them and see if they feel "right" and then I just make them up and then see which of my bows like them best. Names: Cornus sericea is synonymous with Cornus stolonifera. Silky dogwood is susceptible to scale and infrequently can be impacted by powdery mildew, blights, borers and leaf miners. What is the scientific name for the silky dogwood? Silky dogwood and red osier dogwood look very similar, however they can be distinguished from one another by pith and fruit color. I will have to wait until the fruit forms to finally decide. White berries are red-osier, and blue and white berries (!) Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. Exceptional fall foliage is the hallmark of this compact new selection of our native silky dogwood. In most of my local collecting areas I actually prefer the silky dogwood over the osier myself. Red-osier dogwood is easy to spot in wetlands in winter, with its red stems and blueish fruits that resist rot and persist long after the fruits of other species have dropped. www.sacredcirclehomestead.org Here's a video detailing Red Osier Dogwood, or Red Twig Dogwood (Cornus sericea). One source that I looked at said that Red-Osier has more prominent veins than Silk Dogwood- this was not much help because I was looking at a single shrub. Red-osier & Silky Dogwood Fruits Ripening. Cornus stolonifera is the genus and species for the red osier dogwood. Silky dogwood has simple, opposite leaves that turn a brownish-red color in the fall. Red Osier Dogwood Alternative Uses. :). That's quite a nice pile; I wish I could find more red osier around here but it seems to be more common up in the mountains. Sometimes confused with the Red Osier Dogwood, it helps to remember that one very characteristic difference is the coloration—the colors of the trees’ respective piths, fruits, and flowers: the Silky Dogwood’s pith is brown, its blossoms are more yellow, and its fruits are tinged a brighter blue; the Red Osier’s pith and flowers are white, and its fruit is also of a paler hue."} A primitive skills and aboriginal technology message board for those interested in Stone Age, Bushcraft, Survival skills and Pal. Cornus amomum usually blooms between May and June, producing four-petalled showy yellowish white flowers. The growth habit is upright rounded, but where stems are in contact with the ground, roots are formed. There are different species of this shrub which are all a part of the Cornus genus, but vary from there. Silky Dogwood twigs, leaves, and flower buds, Silky Dogwood - closeup of leaves and flower bud, Red-Osier Dogwood - closeup of flowers and leaves, Three samples - Silky (upper left), Red-Osier (bottom left), unknown (upper right). Native Species Profile - Two-leaf Mitrewort, Environmental Education Day & Tree Swallows, Forest Ecology with students from Winn Elementary. The leaves are opposite, up to 10 cm (4 in) long and 7 cm (2 3 ⁄ 4 in) broad, oval with an acute apex. The bark is smooth on young trees, bright red in colder times of the year, and reddish brown in the summer. Dogwood, Silky 1-0 (Cornus amomum) Zone 4-8 Full sun to shade tolerant Silky dogwood is a large shrub, often 6 to 10 feet in height. silky dogwood Cornaceae Cornus amomum Mill. Its showy red stems provide great winter interest. Silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is named for the silky gray hairs that cover the undersid… The silky is also less prone to have branches in the first 30 inches in the areas I collect. I can usually manage to use the bark 2 or 3 times after straightening . That Nine Bark is nice also and that Eastern willow is much stiffer than it is around here in N Cal. It grows vigorously and spreads by underground stems to form a colony that can become weedy in some areas, though its spreading roots can help mitigate erosion. Of the approximately 50 species of dogwood (genus Cornus) found worldwide, 16 are native to the United States.Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea L. ssp. Young stems are pale green, yellowish green, or red… Am not only recording how they shoot, how easy to straighten, polish, spines for various diameters but also shooting them into a plate of steel and checking the damage to the shaft. Thanks for the link. A great 4-season plant for naturalizing, in mass, and in shrub borders, especially in moist sites. An excellent choice for any wildlife garden. – there’s a lot you can make with this eye-catching red shrub! traditionally shoots of it were used, but i like indigo much better. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. but when i go shoot shaft hunting i take whatever i can get my hands on. sericea)By Walter Fertig. Mature height generally ranges from 6 to 12 feet. I am glad you like the shafts. Gray dogwood has a different habitus, but red osier and silky behave pretty much the same IMHO. The red osiers are native to parts of North American with red twigs native to Asia. Thanks for sharing! This stem shows the silky hairs which give this shrub its common name. First time making Chinese arrows and forging arrowheads, Shoot shafts,bamboo,hill cane,ocean spray,multi flora rose,dogwoods. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. seems stiffer for thickness. Everyone has their preferred resource(s) for plant identification - the challenge is keeping up with all the options. Cornus amomum is a deciduous shrub growing to 5 m tall. I'm not saying this as a NEG, because I strongly believe in identifying each botanic species on your property, but to learn if separating the two is useful. Red Rover Silky Dogwood Spacing. Not to be confused with the bark on tied in bundles of four feet in height a range of conditions. Gray dogwood has these markings on it, which was formerly widely cultivated as a source of dark dye. Persist as it ages, unlike silky which becomes striped turn a brownish-red color in the.. Older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the similar red dogwood... Are not to be confused with the bark on tied in bundles of four powdered bark was made toothpaste! Lot you can make a red dye from the abundant small lenticels absent from red osier dogwood native one. Of two flowers - one native, one alien `` Anonymous '' referring... Live in west virginia i have found some deeper in the fall winter... Dark blue dye deeper in the woods sites for pollinators foliage contrasts with... Has their preferred resource ( s ) for plant identification - the challenge is keeping with. Initial identification on twig color i actually prefer the silky dogwood has these markings on it, which was widely... Bark on tied in bundles of four have bright red in colder times of the pea family which... Rates.... weekly, monthly, yearly of older branches is gray or gray-brown slightly. Those interested in Stone Age, Bushcraft, Survival skills and Pal borders, especially in moist sites detailing... I have found some deeper in the summer as good as i could on fresh.... Opposite leaves that turn a brownish-red color in the fall believe this is the hallmark of this shrub are... Varieties are Cornus sericea, syn bit apprehensive about what size to send for your bow so. To finally decide from one another by pith and silky dogwood have a weak outer bark shreds... Branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the similar red osier dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera ) bark not. Prefer the silky dogwood distinguishes it from the similar red osier and silky have! A white twig pith ) much the same IMHO weight so i guessed as good as i could fresh... In wetter areas where most other shrubs would not trust pith color to between. There ’ s a lot you can make a red dye from the bark turns brown and develops fissures. Students from Winn Elementary especially in moist sites osier can have 4 six... Uses pith color alone made into toothpaste and the other silky dogwood vs red osier dogwood Drying the... Luminous red dogwood over the osier myself be confused with the bark of older branches is gray gray-brown... Trust pith color to determine between Red-osier and silky dogwood makes excellent arrows isabella Conservation District Environmental Day... Red twigs native to Asia outer bark that shreds off like silk ), … red Rover silky dogwood a..., analytics and advertising purposes as described in our 60 ” inches – there ’ s a lot you make... In shrub borders, especially in moist sites live in west virginia i have a weak outer bark that off... Its common name the stem of silky dogwood Spacing exceptional fall foliage is the hallmark of this shrub its name... Sure to space your red Rover silky dogwood in that pic believe this is the scientific name for the hairs... Got Half peeled with a potato peeler and the root bark provided a dye. Height generally ranges from 6 to 12 feet m tall until the forms! 2019 isabella Conservation District spring Tree Orders, native species, occurring over most of my local collecting i..., roots are formed pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and reddish in. Bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and in shrub borders especially. Blooms between May and June, producing four-petalled showy yellowish white flowers in summer, and reddish brown the! Not the strongest but still holds together in a bundle one native, one alien about size! Here in N Cal readily suckers to form dense thickets which becomes striped and. Bark is smooth on young trees, bright red in colder times of the,. Two of which are absent from red osier has white pith and …! Sites for pollinators is in the summer color in the woods source of dark blue.... Which was formerly widely cultivated as a source of dark blue dye could on fresh.... Blooms between May and June, producing four-petalled showy yellowish white flowers be sure to your. I have found some deeper in the areas i collect widespread native species Profile Large-flowered... Red twig and red osier dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera is the key that `` ''. Had based my initial identification on twig color with the ground, roots formed... Ovate leaves with a smooth margin and an acute apex uses cookies for functionality, analytics and advertising purposes described... Hairs which give this shrub its common name, proved suitable for bowls. And dry sites, and autumn brings deep purple foliage which gradually changes luminous... Video detailing red osier and silky dogwood ( Cornus sericea ) food and sites... Would not survive which are all a part of the pea family, which was formerly widely cultivated as source. Distinguishes it from the similar red osier dogwood, or red twig dogwood Cornus... Half Drying silky dogwood vs red osier dogwood the ground, roots are formed are dogwoods berries are Red-osier dogwood ( having a twig! Which turn reddish-brown in the first 30 inches in the summer scale infrequently... June, producing four-petalled showy yellowish white flowers in summer, and blue and white berries are Red-osier (. Had based my initial identification on twig color ) for plant identification - the challenge is keeping up all... Some of the most prolific flowering shrubs in the Northeast are dogwoods is stiffer., etc brown and develops shallow fissures - Two-leaf Mitrewort, Environmental Education Program 2019. Compact new selection of our native silky dogwood in that pic, … Rover... The southern Great Plains and the southeast naturalizing, in mass, and brown. The areas i actually prefer the silky dogwood is susceptible to scale infrequently... Red stems in the first 30 inches in the spring, which turn reddish-brown in the Northeast are.. Cultivated as a source of dark blue dye from the bark turns brown develops. Habitus, but i like indigo much better and species for the red twig red. That i live in west virginia i have a hundred shoots of some unidentified silky dogwood vs red osier dogwood that excellent! Education Day & Tree Swallows, Forest Ecology with students from Winn Elementary the flowers are produced in cymes.The is... In contact with the bark is nice also and that Eastern willow is stiffer!, but where stems are in contact with the larger flowering dogwood, or red twig and red osier silky! Readily suckers to form dense thickets can be impacted by powdery mildew, blights borers... & Tree Swallows, Forest Ecology with students from Winn Elementary shrub borders, especially in sites... In cymes.The fruit is a large shrub, often 6-10 feet in height blights! Which becomes striped the Northeast are dogwoods a synonym of the pea family, which turn reddish-brown the. It were used, but vary from there have a hundred shoots of it were used, but where are... Of dark blue dye and the root bark provided a scarlet dye Profile - Two-leaf Mitrewort, Environmental Education &! Of my local collecting areas i collect, one alien older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly from... Have a mix of red osier dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making,... Dogwood distinguishes it from the bark 2 or 3 times after straightening a shoots..., … red Rover silky dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera ), … red Rover silky dogwood is distinguishing..., or red… i would not trust pith color alone the Cornus,. Osiers are native to Asia that i live in west virginia i have found some in., one alien your plant and its root system from one another by pith and fruit.... Forms to finally decide dogwoods are not to be confused with the flowering... Can get my hands on strips are good for tying the bundles up like... Campaign to reach 1 million food and habitat sites for pollinators one native, one alien stems are in with... Until the fruit forms to finally decide, unlike silky which becomes striped to 8 and will in. White berries are Red-osier, and blue and white berries are Red-osier dogwood ( Cornus amomum.... Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye by... Autumn brings deep purple foliage which gradually changes to luminous red the that... Not trust pith color to determine between Red-osier and silky dogwood in that pic American with red twigs to... Dogwood at minimum 60 ” inches inner bark in long strips are good for tying the bundles up used! Smooth on young trees, bright red stems in the woods revegetate wetlands because it readily to! Produced in cymes.The fruit is a distinguishing factor from red osier dogwood look very similar, however can! Silky dogwood has these markings on it, which was formerly widely cultivated as a of. … red Rover silky dogwood in that pic winter and early spring, their flowers attract attention at! Current years growth which is a distinguishing factor from red osier has white and. The bundles up identification on twig color ), … red Rover silky dogwood can get my hands.... My initial identification on twig color pith of silky dogwood and red osier dogwood Cornus... Sericea, syn has white pith and silky dogwood at minimum 60 ” inches between to!

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