Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. Your email address: (required) We offer affordable bare root Gray Dogwood trees and many others bushes, shrubs, and trees shipped at the best time for planting where you live. Cornus racemosa is a common shrub, found nearly throughout Wisconsin except for a few northern counties. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. If identification of the species is in doubt, the plant's identity should be confirmed by a knowledgeable individual and/or by consulting appropriate books. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Gray dogwood should be accurately identified before attempting any control measures. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub is 3-8' tall, erect, and abundantly branched. The twigs are grey, rather than brown, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as red. gray dogwood Family: Cornaceae: shrub: branch: leaf: twig: flowers: fruit: bark : Cornus racemosa is a much-branched, low, clonal shrub. The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. View Map. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). Cornus racemosa 'Hurzam' - 'Hurzam' (Huron™) is a select Gray Dogwood growing only 4 to 5 feet tall, its habit rounded.Teeming small creamy white flattened domes are numerous in June making the shrub showy when in bloom. Several species native to North American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Produces ¼" white fruit that grows on reddish-pink pedicels and matures in late summer or early fall. Gray dogwoods are great for borders, groups, and masses. As in most of our dogwoods, the leaves are simple, entire and opposite and the lateral veins tend to curve toward the leaf tip (they are said to be "arcuate"). This shrub is considered both a flowering shrub and an ornamental shrub. Flowers are creamy white, about ¼ inch across with 4 lance-elliptic petals, the sepals minute or absent. Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Growth Rate and Mature Height Depending on the species of Dogwood you plant, you may have a … The gray dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. The bark of the current year's growth is an orange-brown color and stands in contrast to the previous year's gray bark. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. Pick an image for a larger view. Length. Gray dogwood: Medium size wildlife shrub with clusters of white flowers in spring and white fruit in fall. Almost any character in the keys is open to exception, but identification is easier than the apparently overlapping statements might suggest. Gray dogwood is a native shrub that is a natural component of many woodland and prairie communities. The gray dogwood adapts to a wide range of soil conditions and can tolerate wet conditions as well as drought. They can also be grown as small trees to be used for foundations, entranceways, borders, or specimen planting. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. As with the last one I did on Identifying Beech trees, I learned this from park rangers at Natchez Trace State Park in Wildersville, TN. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Your Gray Dogwood has a lot to recommend it. Important food and cover for wildlife. Gray Dogwood Information Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. This tough, low-maintenance shrub offers subtle year-round beauty. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; average moisture; open woods, woodland edges, savannas, fields, thickets, roadsides. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Most park rangers are more than hap… Stems are mostly smooth but with some wart-ish bumps, and gray except for the newer twigs which are reddish-brown and have pale lenticular lenticels. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. While it may reach heights of more than 10 feet, 6 feet or less is more typical. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. Bundle scar. Mature trees can grow to 10m. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. This shrub adapts to dry and sandy soils. When using dogwood for streambank planting, It is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs. This shrub is tolerant of drier conditions and shade. Your Name: Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. It grows 10-15' tall and features white flowers borne in terminal racemes (hence the species name of racemosa) in late spring and grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves (2-4\" long). Features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4" long, turning reddish-purple in the fall. Edges are smooth and often a bit wavy. How to Grow Roses From Cuttings Fast and Easy | Rooting Rose Cuttings with a 2 Liter Soda Bottle - … grey osier dogwood. northern swamp dogwood. Gray Dogwood is a shrub, usually not over 6 feet high, forming a thicket. Terminal stems hol… Once you’ve heard its catty mew you won’t forget it. Gray dogwood is a shrub with stiff, upright, irregular branches and is often thicket-forming; it is sometimes a small tree. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. DISTRIBUTION Gray dogwood is native to the U.S. and is found from central Maine to southern Ontario Glossary. Adapts to many soil types and conditions. It is a perennial shrub that grows 6-15 feet, with smooth, gray twigs. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Leaves are opposite, entire, stalked, ovate to lance shape and taper to a pointed tip, pale green on the underside. A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. All should be planted as early in the spring as possible. The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. They are found in the Northeastern quarter of the United States and Southeastern Canada. The spreading root system readily suckers, often creating large clonal colonies. Identifying Dogwood Trees: This is the second Instructable I have done in regards to identifying trees. Is occasionally grown as a small tree, where it can be used for foundations, entranceways, borders or specimen planting. I expected to quickly confirm my initial identification as a Silky Dogwood. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant ... Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub Flowers: White Height: 3 m (9 ft) Habitat: Fields and Open Areas Books: Shrubs of Ontario: 355 Native/Non-native: Native Notes: A good plant for naturalizing wild areas. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. Establishment Only seedlings of gray dogwood are practical. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … Donald Stokes noted that grey dogwood seemed a favorite nesting spot of local birds such as mockingbirds, catbirds, and chipping sparrows. Where in Minnesota? Several significant clusters of them. 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